Port Angeles Landfill
Port Angeles, WA
City of Port Angeles
Herrera Environmental Consultants
International Lining Technology
Turf Type 1 – Olive
In 2014, the city of Port Angeles, Washington, underwent a $20+ million project to relocate their landfill from a giant hole on the side of a 135-foot high bluff overlooking the Strait of Juan de Fuca. Small landslides, erosion and fear of coastal water contamination drove the city to proactively address the possibility of a failure.
As part of their Landfill Cell Stabilization Project, the city had 400,000 cubic yards of trash relocated to an area behind the bluff. A massive hole remains but the remaining refuse is now stabilized with an MSE retaining wall that has special targets installed to measure for movement of the area. Both the remaining slope and relocated landfill have been permanently closed with the ClosureTurf® system. Even with heavy rainfall and major storms, no erosion has occurred to date.
The relocated landfill behind the bluff measures approximately 19 acres. It was permanently closed in 2016 with the ClosureTurf® system. Slopes are 2.5:1 with the longest slope length at an impressive 285 feet. The Agru Super Gripnet® geomembrane used as the foundation of the system provides greater stability on steeper grades and reduces the need to rebuild slopes.
The ClosureTurf system also protects against other weather events such as hurricanes, typhoons and earthquakes. The area can experience high wind gusts annually from heavy windstorms and pacific typhoons. In 2016, Super Typhoon Songda hit the Pacific area with wind gusts over 60 mph. The site survived as designed with no erosion or maintenance required. Located in a seismically active area, it is prone to seismic hazards such as amplified seismic response and seismically induced landslide activity. The site lies approximately 4.5 miles north of the recently discovered Little River Fault, a shallow crustal tectonic structure that is considered active and is capable of producing earthquakes of magnitude 6.5 or greater. ClosureTurf protects against erosion that may occur with these events.
The system is designed for and proven to have a design life over 100 years of the infilled geosynthetic protective layer (engineered turf) with the underlying geomembrane lasting many more years beyond the long life of the engineered turf component.
The City’s Solid Waste Division now services 7,000 residents and 850 commercial businesses and all refuse is collected at the onsite transfer station and transported to nearby landfills. The closed site serves as a natural habitat and is occupied by many different species of insects and animals, including bees, butterflies, bobcats, otters, elk and deer.